Unified Scheduling Framework for Dual Connectivity in Multi-RAT NSA 5G Networks
Supporting the dual connectivity technology in non-stand-alone 5G scenarios involves three main functionalities: a user device (UD)-base station (BS) association (UBA) mechanism, a flow control algorithm (FCA) to determine the data split transmitted by each BS and radio resource management (RRM) algorithms. However, previous works only focused on the design of at most two of these functionalities. In this
letter, we go beyond and design a unified scheduling framework including the three aforementioned functionalities. The proposed framework targets the user satisfaction maximization and runs in a completely decentralized fashion, where the UBA algorithm runs independently at each UD, the FCA is executed at the master LTE BS and the RRM is performed individually by each BS. Simulations show the incremental gains of each proposed functionality as well as the total gain of the unified framework.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).