Energy Harvesting in Electric Power Systems for Data Communication Systems

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Victor Fernandes
Ândrei Camponogara
Mateus de Lima Filomeno
Moisés Vidal Ribeiro

Abstract

Aiming to illuminate the path towards integrating energy harvesting (EH) technologies into modern electric power systems, thereby enabling more efficient and sustainable energy solutions, this paper explores energy harvesting within electric power systems and points out its potential to power data communication purposes. In this sense, we examine the overarching principles of EH in these systems, spotlighting both the merits and limitations associated with energy extraction across varying voltage levels and electric signal frequency bands. Central components of EH devices, alongside a spectrum of harvesting methodologies, are thoroughly reviewed. Also, we showcase a case study that provides a quantitative assessment of EH potential in electric power systems. The manuscript culminates in a forward-looking analysis of EH, considering emerging technologies that promise to redefine the landscape. These include integrating hybrid power line and wireless systems, strategies for optimal power allocation, enhancements in physical layer security, the innovative concept of negawatts, advancements in harvesting circuit designs and applying non-orthogonal multiple access techniques.

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How to Cite
Fernandes, V., Camponogara, Ândrei, de Lima Filomeno, M., & Vidal Ribeiro, M. (2024). Energy Harvesting in Electric Power Systems for Data Communication Systems. Journal of Communication and Information Systems, 39(1), 58–73. https://doi.org/10.14209/jcis.2024.6
Section
Tutorial Papers
Author Biographies

Victor Fernandes, Fluminense Federal University

He obtained the title of Electrical Engineer with a qualification in Telecommunications from the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF) in 2015. He also obtained the titles of Master and Doctor in Electrical Engineering from UFJF in 2017 and 2021, respectively. He is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Telecommunications Engineering at the Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) and a permanent professor in the Postgraduate Program in Electrical and Telecommunications Engineering (PPGEET). He works in the area of signal processing, digital communications in PLC and wireless systems, energy harvesting for Internet of Things devices, and the 5G physical layer.

Ândrei Camponogara, Universidade Federal do Paraná

Graduated in Computer Engineering and Industrial Design - Product Design from the Federal University of Santa Maria - UFSM. PhD in Electrical Engineering from the Federal University of Juiz de Fora - UFJF. He is currently an assistant professor of the Electrical Engineering course at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR). His main interests are in the areas of digital signal processing, digital communication, communication via electrical power grid, wireless communication, hybrid communication and physical layer security.

Mateus de Lima Filomeno, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora

Mateus de Lima Filomeno completed his high school education integrated with vocational technical education in Electrotechnics at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of the Southeast of Minas Gerais in December 2010. He graduated from the Electrical Engineering course with an emphasis on Telecommunications at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF) in April 2016. Still at UFJF, he obtained his master's and doctorate degrees in Electrical Engineering in the area of concentration of Electronic Systems in February 2018 and March 2022, respectively. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the same institution.

Moisés Vidal Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora

Moisés Vidal Ribeiro completed his PhD in Electrical Engineering from the State University of Campinas in 2005. He was a visiting researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 2004. Visiting professor at Stanford University in 2011 and Visiting Researcher at Princeton University, 2012. He is currently prof. Associate at UFJF and permanent member of the Postgraduate Program in Electrical Engineering at UFJF. He is a founding member of the Electric Energy INCT (INERGE). He was a member of the INERGE Steering Committee. Since 07/2020, he has been director of INERGE. He was a founding partner of the companies Smarti9 Ltda and Wari Ltda. He works in the area of signal processing, digital data communication, radio frequency, wireless communication, internet of things, smart grids and power line communications.