Coupling for Power Line Communications: A Survey
The advent of power line communication (PLC) for smart grids, vehicular communications, and data network access, has recently gained ample interest among the researchers and industries. Couplers - devices used to inject data communication signals into (Alternating Current or Direct Current) power lines are very important components of a PLC system. There is, however, an obvious gap in literature for a detailed review of existing PLC couplers. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review of couplers, which are required in narrowband and broadband PLC transceivers. We provide, also, a novel classification of PLC couplers based on the type of physical coupling, voltage levels, frequency bandwidth, propagation mode, and number of connections. Prevailing issues that protract the design of couplers and consequently subtended the invention of different types of couplers are clearly described. This survey will guide researchers, and designers alike, into a quicker resourcing when studying coupling in narrowband and broadband PLC systems.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).