A Survey of LoRaWAN Simulation Tools in ns-3

  • Jéssika C. da Silva Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)
  • Daniel de L. Flor Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)
  • Vicente Angelo de Sousa Junior UFRN
  • Níbia Souza Bezerra Luleå University of Technology, Skellefteå
  • Alvaro A. M. de Medeiros Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF)


The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm gains more importance each day, as the number and variety of connected devices grows. To answer the specific needs of IoT, many wireless network standards have been developed. An example is the LoRaWide Area Network (LoRaWAN), which has gained popularity thanks to the affordable costs of its devices and gateways, as well as wide range, low energy consumption and flexibility. Considering the challenges that exist with testing and researching on real LoRaWAN systems, the development of accurate network simulators is invaluable. Therefore, this work presents a survey of the available tools for simulating LoRa networks in ns-3 network simulator. We present how those simulators were implemented and their main features and limitations. We also showcase how those simulators are being used in the literature to evaluate the performance of LoRA networks. Finally, we compare the module so highlight what scenarios each of them is more suited for.

How to Cite
Silva, J., Flor, D., Junior, V. A. de, Bezerra, N., & Medeiros, A. (2021). A Survey of LoRaWAN Simulation Tools in ns-3. Journal of Communication and Information Systems, 36(1), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.14209/jcis.2021.2
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