Performance Evaluation of Low-Complexity Algorithms for Orthogonal Time-Frequency Space Modulation
Data transmission in wireless systems brings numerous challenges, especially when it involves propagating in a multipath scenario over rapidly time-varying channels. In this context, Orthogonal Time-Frequency Space (OTFS) modulation has been recently proposed to work with time-frequency selective channels with high Doppler. In this modulation, the symbols are first multiplexed in a delay-Doppler domain rather than in the time-frequency domain used by Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). The studies point out advantages of OTFS performance over OFDM in many aspects, such as data rate increase in high mobility. Another advantage is the sparsity of the channel produced by OTFS that allows using low-complexity algorithms for the detection of the data. In this paper, the performance of OTFS modulation in a doubly dispersive channel is evaluated with several low-complexity variants of the message passing algorithm (MPA) in terms of complexity and Bit Error Rate (BER) performance. The results show that MPA and Approximate Message Passing simplified by Expectation Propagation (AMP-EP) algorithms achieve higher performance. However, when taking into account both complexity and BER performance, AMP simplified by First-Order (AMP-FO) achieves the best performance complexity tradeoff.
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