Deep Reinforcement Learning Based Resource Allocation Approach for Wireless Networks Considering Network Slicing Paradigm
In this paper, we present an approach for resource scheduling in wireless networks based on the Network Slicing (NS) paradigm using Double Deep Q-Network (DDQN) Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithm. More specifically, we propose a joint power and Scheduling Block (SB) allocation algorithm for networks with NS. The reinforcement learning algorithm applied to the resource allocation problem is formulated using state transitions regarding the system dynamics. We also present an algorithm, namely Network Slicing based on Reinforcement Learning (NSRL) that combines the proposed reinforcement learning based resource allocation with an approach based on reservation and sharing of resources among the slices where each RL agent acts in one slice. Simulations are carried out considering User Equipments (UEs) within a small cell coverage area - (Small Cells) with different Modulation and Coding Schemes (MCS) standardized by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) based on a simplified NS scenario with fifth generation wireless network (5G) characteristics. In the simulations, two slices are considered for the UEs: one considering Ultra-reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC) and other related to enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) services. Simulation results show that the NSRL algorithm efficiently allocates power and SBs, outperforming other algorithms in the literature.
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