Improving Bluetooth Mesh Energy Efficiency Using Clustering

Abstract

This work proposes a Clustering Algorithm to improve the energy efficiency of Bluetooth Mesh networks. To further reduce the burden over the Cluster Heads, a Radio Duty Cycling algorithm that requires only a simple modification on the Bluetooth packet transmission logic is proposed. Computer simulations show that the radio duty cycling and clustering methods are effective in improving energy efficiency. It is observed that duty cycling provides a 78% improvement on the energy efficiency. In addittion, simulations show that the proposed clustering technique is effective in controlling the excessive message replication that is inherent in flooding operation, which in turn have a positive impact on packet delivery ratio and network scalability. Finally, it can be observed that the proposed clustering algorithm together with the proposed radio duty cycling algorithm can provide an improvement on the energy efficiency when compared to the baseline Bluetooth Mesh profile.

Author Biographies

Joelton Deonei Gotz

Joelton Deonei Gotz was born in Erechim, Brazil,
in 1992. He obtained the B.S. degree in control
and automation Engineering from the Federal Uni-
versity of Technology – Paraná(UTFPR), Brazil, in
2017. He received the M.Sc. in Electrical Engineer-
ing from the Federal University of Technology –
Paraná(UTFPR), Brazil, in 2020. Since August 2020,
Joelton Deonei Gotz is currently a Ph.D student at
UTFPR in the area of mechanical engineering. His
research interests include Internet of Things (IoT),
Machine Learning, product development.

Ohara Kerusauskas Rayel, Federal University of Technology - Parana - Brazil
Ohara Kerusauskas Rayel (S'13–M'17) was born in Curitiba-PR, Brazil, in 1984. He received the B.Sc., M.Sc. and D.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from the Federal University of Technology-Paran\'a (UTFPR), Curitiba, Brazil, in 2006, 2013 and 2015 respectively. He is currently an Assistant Professor at the same University. His research interests include cooperative communications, MIMO, energy efficiency and internet of things protocols.
Guilherme Luiz Moritz

Guilherme Luiz Moritz was born in Gaspar, Brazil,
in 1984. He received the B.Sc. and the D.Sc. degrees
in electrical engineering from the Federal University
of Technology-Paraná (UTFPR), Curitiba, Brazil, in
2012 and 2015, respectively, where he is currently
an Assistant Professor of embedded systems, control
systems, and wireless sensor networks. His research
interests are in the area of wireless communications,
cooperative communications, and the Internet of
Things.

Published
30-08-2021
How to Cite
Gotz, J., Rayel, O., & Moritz, G. (2021). Improving Bluetooth Mesh Energy Efficiency Using Clustering. Journal of Communication and Information Systems, 36(1), 156-165. https://doi.org/10.14209/jcis.2021.17
Section
Regular Papers