Block Term Decomposition of ECG Recordings for Atrial Fibrillation Analysis: Temporal and Inter-Patient Variability
Responsible for 25% of strokes and 1/3 of hospitalizations due to cardiac related disturbances, atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, considered as the last great frontier of cardiac electrophysiology. Its mechanisms are not completely understood, and a precise analysis of the atrial activity (AA) signal in electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings is necessary to better understand this challenging cardiac condition. Recently, the block term decomposition (BTD) has been used as an powerful tool to noninvasively extract AA in AF ECG signals. However, this tensor factorization technique was performed only in short ECG recordings, and illustrated in single patients. To show its performance and variability through different subjects, BTD is applied to a population of 10 AF patients in this paper. Also, its time variability is assessed by means of long segments of AF ECG with varying observation window size. Experimental results show the consistency of BTD as an AA extraction tool, outperforming two well-known matrix-based methods in most of the observed cases for long and short AF ECG recordings.
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